The Competency Of The Educator

2016 Words9 Pages
Students who are taught key skills and strategies in reading instruction often develop into more proficient readers than those who are not provided with these skills in an explicit and systematic way. As formal reading instruction for many students commences in the foundation year of school, it is the role of the educator to model and explain the key components of literacy to students. Research on effective reading instruction suggests that students benefit when they learn concepts of print, phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension (National Reading Panel, 2000). Moreover, reading instruction needs to be supported by effective teaching strategies that include modelled reading aloud, shared book reading, guided…show more content…
Through a balanced approach, educators make decisions on individual student’s literacy needs and select appropriate instructional activities with the goal of developing, value, comprehension, and enjoyment of reading (Cowan, as cited in National Education Psychological Service [NEPS], 2015, p. 8). However, research concludes there is no definitive description of what a balanced approach to literacy means and they all have similar elements. To put it another way, effective educators of reading instruction offer a print-rich balanced reading program that incorporates explicit and systematic instructions in concepts of print, phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. These reading skills develop as educators model and scaffold engaging activities, for instance, read aloud’s, shared, guided, and independent reading, rhymes, and songs. These activities are the underpinnings of a successful literacy program (Winch, Johnston, March, Ljungdahl, & Holliday, 2006, p. 155). A balanced reading approach also provides students opportunities to repeat and practice skills as educators observe and assess student’s abilities. Therefore, educators must explicitly instruct literacy skills from foundation to year twelve because they are essential to academic growth. Explicit teaching is a systematic and carefully planned approach that effectively teaches students the key skills of literacy.
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