The Compromises Between The Large And Small States And

922 WordsMar 10, 20174 Pages
The compromises between the large and small states and between the North and South. The compromise between the large and small states was decided in order to resolve difficult problems of representation. An idea was conceived by the grand committee (1 delegate for each state) headed by Franklin as chairman that to tackle each states representation problem. Each state should represent the lower house base on population. The key factor of representation would be based on the population of each state and not on its land size. The bigger population would benefit in making decisions, especially if these decisions affect them. Slaves would have three-fifth of a vote compared to a free person both in representation and taxation.…show more content…
The national government would have the authority and power to tax, regulate commerce, to control the currency and to pass laws necessary in order to function effectively. Gone were the stipulation in the Articles where states had the power, jurisdiction and right not to express delegated to the United Sates in Congress assembled. States were still recognized by the government and were also given important powers in their hands in order to function well. A system of checks and balances between the legislative and judicial and executive. During this transition there was an issue that was troubling most Americans, and this was the problem of concentrated authority. They were worried that once power in concentrated to the government the government might abuse it, and inflict tyranny among its citizens. This idea was a major obstacle to creating and nationalized government. Drawing from ideas of French Philosopher Baron de Montesquieu, it was believed to avoid tyranny the government should be kept close to the people, and confined relatively to a small area. Which on the first years it was brought up that if individual states remain sovereign a strong national government would be dangerous. James Madison however had a different idea and view on how to tackle this situation. The idea was on centers of “power checking on each other” and preventing any authority and power concentrated to one area of the government.

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