The Concept Of Conformism In Huckleberry Finn

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John Fitzgerald Kennedy once said, “Conformity is the jailer of freedom and the enemy of growth.” Huckleberry Finn (1884), a satiric novel set in the Antebellum South along the Mississippi River authored by Mark Twain, asserts the concept of advanced moral justification through the exclusion of oneself from popular society. In order to challenge popular beliefs to create an active criticism of society as a whole, Twain provides a perspective that reveals the hypocrisy and immorality of a “civilized” society. Walt Whitman, a transcendentalist poet who wrote Leaves of Grass in 1855, explains his interpretation of his beliefs of reincarnation and individualism in “Song of Myself.” The contrast between Whitman’s ideals and popular society guides people towards the desire of individuality away from the industrialized world. James McPherson, in his non-fiction historical account of the civil war, What We Fought For, discusses the reasoning behind the perseverance of the Northern Union soldiers during their violent battles with the Southerners. McPherson informs the reader about the perception of the war from those who are deeply involved in order to establish the idea of a strong sense of individuality present in a democracy where each side has to defend their views or the democratic nature of the government would fall. The concept of conformity during the 19th century is denounced by Twain, Whitman, and the Union soldiers. This sudden desire for individualism stemmed from the mass migration to industrialized cities to seek out work and the natural degradation of the individual because of the dense population; the invent of transcendentalism arose from a small number people who aspired to be individuals and coalesced in order to create a “utopia” away from the majority of society. Mark Twain´s protagonist in his satiric novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck Finn removes himself from Widow Douglas’ house, because of his hatred of white society which is symbolized by the house. This revulsion stems from the permission granted to his abusive father to persist in the caring of Huck, a decision made by the judge, as described in the end of chapter five. Huck places the blame on white society for the

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