The Concept of Gestalt Psychology

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Running Head: What Gestalt psychology What Gestalt psychology Introduction Gestalt psychology is also referred to as Gestaltism. In German language, the word means the shape or an essence of complete form that an entity can take. The theory is based on the working of the mind and brain and it originated from the School of Berlin. The main principle of the theory is that the brain is an analog and a holistic organ having the capability to manage and organize itself (Hergenhahn, 2005, p. 78). The main principle of the theory is that the objects are seen in their entireties before eyes begin to analyze the individual parts. The gestalt psychologist holds the fact that the interaction between different kinds of stimuli is the main reason behind a successful perception. There is a great difference between the principles of cognition held by the behavioral psychologists and gestalt psychologists where gestalt psychologist stand by the fact that cognition is based on the organized nature of the brain. The gestalt effect can be defined by the form defining capability of the brain with visual recognition rather relying on curves and lines. Structuralism is an opposition to gestaltism. A better explanation of the gestalt theory is that whole form is greater than the sum of its individual parts (Ruscio, 2006, p. 30). Origins The concept of gestalt was introduced first in contemporary psychology and philosophy by Christian von Ehrenfels. The idea of gestalt is based on the
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