The Concept of Homeostasis Particularly in Relation to Temperature Control

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The Concept of Homeostasis Particularly in Relation to Temperature Control In complex organisms organs are united to form organ systems such as the digestive, reproductive, nervous and muscular systems. The fact that all of the organ systems generally work in a highly coordinated manner suggests strongly that organisms possess distinct physiological control mechanisms that make the coordination of such highly complex processes possible. One of the most interesting features of such control mechanisms is that they are built into the system to regulate it. The controls are self-adjusting and do not require constant monitoring from an outside agent. Such controls maintain the system in equilibrium.…show more content…
Factors that must be kept constant include chemical constituents, osmotic pressure, carbon dioxide and temperature, the latter being the main feature of this discussion. Many physiological processes are homeostatic in that they are directly or indirectly responsible for regulating the internal environment All animals produce body heat as the result of metabolic processes. Even in the most efficient animal most of the energy released is lost for useful work. Some animals are able to use this waste heat, to rise above the restrictions of the environmental temperature variation and remain active all year round. There are two types of animal categories, homeotherms and poikilotherms. More useful and well-known terms are ectothermic and endothermic respectfully. Endotherms are warm-blooded animals, which are mammals and birds. Their body temperature is individual to the environmental temperature; this is regulated by physiological and behavioral means. An advantage of being endothermic is considerable, by maintaining a steady body temperature they are free to exploit a wider range of environmental habitats. The temperature of all warm-blooded animals is not

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