The Concept of Public Administration

2013 Words Jul 1st, 2011 9 Pages
The Concept of Public Administration
Historically, Governments have attempted to develop sound governance and public administration to support social, political and economic development. However, changing in political and economic context have made it increasingly difficult to determine what constitute the principles, foundations, quality and effectiveness of public administration. (UNECOSOC, 2005) The present report presents some initial thoughts and recommendations about the methodology that can generate consensus on these principles and foundations. Over the past few decades, the principle and foundations of public administration have experienced a radical transformation, owing to two major changes in the world. First , democratic
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States Members of the United Nations, bilateral and multilateral agencies, and civil society organizations are increasingly focusing on the need to improve the quality and effectiveness of governance. This concern is especially strong among developing countries and those nations recovering from conflict or disaster whose institutions of governance and public administration are more particularly challenged by severe constraints and development needs. One consequence of the global movement to promote people-centred development and democratization is the need to evolve bottom-up approaches and methodologies that will enable citizens to help determine the quality and effectiveness of their public administration systems. (Nnoli, 2000). Bottom-up approaches have several advantages over traditional methodologies which have been increasingly recognized in recent years. On one hand, populations and community-based organizations often have a greater familiarity with and understanding of local needs, priorities and constraints that can affect the successful implementation of policy measures. On the other hand, organizations that are able to effectively incorporate citizen participation at all levels of the decision-making process often have an increased flexibility when it comes to adapting objectives and approaches in line with changing external circumstances. Through an increased adaptability in areas such as human resources management and

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