The Conflict Between Syria And The Middle Eastern Region Of The World

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Geography 142
Life In Syria
Syria is a country located in the Middle Eastern region of the world, and is currently in the stages of developing. It is located on the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea and lies between the neighboring countries of Jordan, Israel, Iraq, Turkey, and Lebanon. Much of Syria’s economy is based on agriculture, oil, industry and services. All of which are major reasons why Syria could be a developing country. Syria’s population has been steadily increasing since the 1960’s, and today has reached a population of about 22 million. The majority religion in Syria, like most Middle Eastern countries, is Islam. Therefore the main language spoken in Syria is Arabic because it is the universal language spoken in Islam.
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above sea level. (e.g. The Euphrates River runs through the east end of the country and was dammed off in 1973. As a result, water was retained and a reservoir was created. This reservoir was named Lake Assad and is the largest lake in the country. According to, only about 28% of all the land in Syria is arable, 46% of the land is meadows and pastures, and 3% is forests and woodland. The landscape is mostly arid, so crops like wheat and barley make up two-thirds of the agriculture in the country. Cotton is also a major cash crop grown in Syria and is and has been a big part of their economy for years. As water is a scarce resource in Syria and other neighboring countries, most of these crops are grown in the Euphrates river valley. Overall, agriculture contributes to a large portion of Syria’s economy.
Syria is still a developing country in the Middle East. Its economy is based on agriculture and oil. Just these two pillars in the Syrian economy make up for about one half of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Since the start of the Syrian civil war, Syria’s economy has taken a huge hit. The government has restricted trade between several countries such as the United States, Japan, and Australia. As a result, Syria has been faced with a major economic decline. These restrictions have reversed the otherwise growing economy. According to the United Nations (UN), there have been an estimated 143 billion dollars in economic damages as a result of the civil war.
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