The forcible eviction of the Palestinians and the denial of their right of return, has led to them becoming refugees, this has translated into the adoption of aggressive tactics and strategies to achieve their goal of a sovereign nation. Palestinian society is territorially disjointed by the divisions of the West Bank (administered by Fatah) and the Gaza area (administered by Hamas) creating a disharmony in interest articulation towards the goal of
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the one of the world’s oldest conflicts, and it is still an ongoing problem in the world. Zionists and Arabs: two groups with conflicting beliefs who both claim Israel as their own. In wake of the Holocaust the U.N decided to gift the Jews a homeland for the lives lost in the genocide. In 1947, the U.N Partition divided the land of Israel (Historic Palestine) into two separate states: Arab and Jewish. Since then, the state of Israel has been the center of conflict between the Arabs and the Zionists. As time passed the Zionists gained more land from winning the Six-Day War, and consequently the Palestinians had to live as refugees in other Arab countries. Additionally, more than 75% of the land belonged to
Any reference to conflict turns history into a reservoir of blame. In the presence of conflict, narratives differ and multiply to delegitimize the opponent and to justify one’s own action. Narratives shape social knowledge. The Israeli Palestinian conflict, both Jews and Muslims, view the importance of holding the territories through religious, ideological, and security lenses, based on belief that Palestine was given by divine providence and that the land belongs to either the Israelis or Palestinian’s ancestral home. Understanding these perspectives is required for understanding Palestinians’ and especially Israel’s strategy and role in entering the Oslo peace process. Despite
Despite current misconceptions of the tensions between Muslims and Jews, the current political conflict began in the early 20th century. The Palestinians, both muslims and christians, lived in peace for centuries. Control of the city had historically, since 637 AD, been under Muslim control with guarantee of Christians’ safety, right to property, and right to practice religion. The collapse of the Ottoman Empire led to European nations colonizing many of its former lands, and the British gained control of Palestine. Social and political issues prompted European jews to flee from political unrest from their homes in Europe, and migrate to Palestine. Seeing the influx of Jews as a European colonial movement, the Arabs fought back. The British couldn’t control the violence, and in 1947 the United Nations (UN) voted to split the land into two countries. The continued political unrest in the Middle East is the cause of United States involvement.
As of recent years, with the rise of right-wing, nationalistic politicians in Israel, the hunger for settlement of Palestine has increased. Seeing the land as theirs to take, more and more Jewish settlements have been improved and expanded on in the West Bank, culminating and high profile confrontations between the new Jewish settlers and the Palestinian
The big question we ask ourselves today is, will Israel and Palestine ever agree to stop fighting? The conflict between Israel and Palestine has been traced all the way back to 1948 through 2005 in The Israel Palestine Land Settlement Problem, written by Charles Rowley and Jennis Taylor. However, this conflict did not end in 2005. This article was written in 2006, so anything within the last 10 years is not included. The conflict between the two counties still continues to this day and still remains a major problem. Israelis and Arabs have been fighting over Gaza on and off for decades now. The three issues laid out in this article are the four major wars that took place, the refugee problem, and the conflict between religions. It concludes with the road map to peace. Throughout his whole book, The Israel-Palestine Conflict, Gelvin speaks of the same historical events that occurred between Israel and Palestine, while the article reveals there are still other conflicts, the land settlement problem has been the major conflict between Israel and Palestine since 1948.
The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Jews is a phenomenon that stems from the struggle over land defined exclusively as a “Holy Land” by both groups. Their competing claim to this territory and the constant struggle for exclusive political control has created irreconcilable differences. Jewish claim over the land is based on a covenant made between God and Abraham and the need for haven from the growing anti-Semitism in Europe. Palestinian Arabs claims to the land are based on their continuous residence in the country and the rejection of the notion that ancient kingdoms constitute claims over land in a modern time. They believe that because Abraham’s son Ishmael is the forefather of the Arabs, then God’s promise of the land to the children of Abraham include them as well. Although the land of Palestine was inhabited by a range of individuals living in peace, the growing tension from the Zionist group, as well as the influx of Jewish immigration created growing anti-Semitism, which led to the Jewish push towards finding a haven.
Frequently, issues such as human rights violations occur around the world that people are not aware of. It is therefore a great importance to seek knowledge ourselves beyond mass media outlets and our own governments. Previous research suggests, the history of the Palestinian conflict goes back generations. In 1918 when World War 1 had ended, the British gained control of the Palestinian territory. The UN had no intention of displacing or changing anything within the land, but they decided that the Jews needed a safe place to reside after the holocaust. Therefore, many Jews immigrated to Palestine after the Balfour Declaration was issued in 1917. It stated that Palestine welcomed Jews into their homeland (Said, 1999). The fall of the Ottoman empire encouraged the number of immigrants to that in 1947, the total number of Jews in the area was “650,000” (Avineri, 1981; Said, 1999). The Palestinians were surely grateful for the number of people immigrating to their land because they needed their
Almost a century has passed since the end of World War One, and the 1917 Belfour Declaration, which endorsed the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine and the preservation of the civil and religious rights of non-Jewish Palestinian communities. Consequently, the British Mandate in the region of Israel, the former Palestine, which was initiated and endorsed by the League of Nations in 1922, and which incorporated the Belfour Declaration. The control of Israel has changed hands multiple times since then and subsequently, its borders have shifted considerably and always to the disadvantage of the Palestinians and Arabs. The League of Nations approval of the British Mandate and Belfour Declaration, was roundly rejected by Arabs and Palestinians whose hatred and fear of a Jewish State has led to the heated arguments and unrelenting Arab/Israeli conflicts that continues to this day. In this paper, I will outline and discuss the controversial “Partition Plan’s”, of 1937 and 1947 respectively, which have concurrently shaped and reflected the state of the conflict throughout the 20th century. This paper will attempt to provide an unbiased account of the positions of both parties on the presented issues, however I will, in my conclusion, provide my opinion on the matter in light of all the information and facts provided.
The year 1948 witnessed the national independence for Israelis and “Al-Nakbah the disaster” (Sa'di 177) for Palestinian Arabs. Jewish Holocaust, Zionist movement, British interference, Arab awakening, religious conflict and disputes over territory built up into this catastrophic war. In consequence, on the one hand, millions of Palestinian Arabs fled into neighboring Arab countries, refugee camps and western countries (Mattar 395). On the other hand, militarization and securitization in Israel disrupted the normal life of its citizens (Éigeartaigh and Getty 18).
Conclusion- Summary of first two paragraphs. We are witnesses to terrible injustices. As Israel responds to real and perceived threats, the Palestine's of the West Bank in Gaza remain dominated by military occupation or under siege, subjected to violent military incursions, and continually traumatic lost. We are witnesses to the world's impotence to achieve justice. Stone by stone, Israeli settlement in the West Bank expand seizing land and water, reducing Palestrina's hope, and increasing their despair. We are witnesses to structural violence. Within Israel itself, Palestine's have full citizenship and legal equality, but their reality is largely shaped by legally enforced injustices such as unequal funding for their communities infrastructures and schools, and the symbolic violence of being treated as a potential fifth column. We are witnesses. The convulsions that are
Throughout the 20th Century relations between Arabs and Israelis in Palestine have undergone immense tension, change and deterioration, with both parties facing many barriers to peace. Foreign intervention is often listed as one such barrier to this peace. While the importance of foreign intervention cannot be omitted, other factors can be argued to have been both equally and more detrimental to the peace process. These include the founding of the Haganah, the 1948 War after the declaration of the State of Israel, and the rise of political extremism. The aim of this essay is to identify
The year of Al-Nakba 1948 was a critical year that affected the life of millions of Palestinians. In this year, Palestinians were forced to immigrate to neighboring countries. Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria contain a major number of Palestinian refugees; with the number of Palestinians in Lebanon doubling because the war in Syria drove them there (Alwani, 2015). However, other Palestinians were able to migrate into European countries, while others went to Arab gulf countries. Furthermore, unless the Palestinians got the nationality of the country they live in they do not have but foreign civilian rights. Palestinian refugees who live in Lebanon for more than 10 years should be granted the Lebanese nationality to overcome the
Cleavages across the Palestinian diaspora as well as within particular segments of it are complex, due largely to the tortuous history of the Palestinian case. The initial response of neighbouring host states to the Nakba or catastrophe of 1948 was to offer Palestinian refugees protection and assistance, without prejudicing their claim to return home. Two ultimately incompatible policies were adopted by these states: giving Palestinians residency rights, while at the same time opposing full integration as being inimical to return to Palestine (Weighill 1999). Commitment to residency rights among host states has waned over time, partly as a result of the threat that Palestinians were held to pose for host states (ibid; Shiblak 1996). Israeli
After more than 50 years of war, terrorism, peace negotiation and human suffering, Israel and Palestine remain as far from a peaceful settlement as ever. The entire Middle Eastern region remains a cauldron waiting to reach the boiling point, a potent mixture of religious extremism, (Jewish, Christian and Islamic), mixed with oil and munitions.