The Conflict Perspective Views Society Less as a Cohesive System and More as an Arena of Conflict and Power Struggles. Compare and Contrast the Main Tenets of the Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives.

1319 Words6 Pages
COURSE: INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

TOPIC: The conflict perspective views society less as a cohesive system and more as an arena of conflict and power struggles. Compare and contrast the main tenets of the functionalist and conflict perspectives.
ANSWER:
SECTION A
Functionalists view society as a system of Social structures or subsystems working interdependently. In order for society to function, all parts of the whole must have a general consensus. Similarly, conflict theorists operate on the premise that society functions in a way that each individual contributes to the whole, however, conflict arises as participants within society struggle to maximize their benefits. In other words, the sub-systems are perpetuated in order to
…show more content…
This other type of solidarity is made up of the interdependence of several elements within a general acceptance of the need to be different. Commonly shared values still exist but are now generalized, simply because experiences are not longer totally common and shared. Therefore, instead of focusing on the details of the action, common values are generally just for actual social practices. The division of labour can now be seen as a moral phenomenon. For example, the people of a modern society rely on the Shoemaker, the Baker and the Gas station Attendant, all of which may not have commonly shared daily experiences. Durkheim believed that this division of labour is necessary to ensure the continuance of order throughout society. Hence, this new form of Social Solidarity, Organic Solidarity, is vital in the prevention of a collapsed society. Durkheim saw society to be a stable and orderly cohesive system that experiences and adapts to change in order to create a new order and by doing so, moving forward to a new state of equilibrium.

Karl Marx, on the other hand, was a Conflict Theorist. The word “conflict” in itself is almost polar opposite to “Functional”. Conflict theories differ from Functional theories because they stress on the existence of competing groups and the lack of cohesiveness, while functionalist focus on cooperation between

More about The Conflict Perspective Views Society Less as a Cohesive System and More as an Arena of Conflict and Power Struggles. Compare and Contrast the Main Tenets of the Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives.

Get Access