The Conflict Theory, And The Symbolic Interactionist Theory

1862 Words Nov 9th, 2015 8 Pages
In every society, no matter how culturally diverse, people identify with their own specific “in-groups”. Unfortunately, this idea of a set of people that we identify with creates a rift in how we interact with others.

One way society demonstrates in-group bias is based upon social class. “Greater income inequality widens the social distance between different income classes and thereby reduces the overall level of trust” (Lei and Vesely 2010:1). This basic level of trust and biased views affects the tendencies of self-control, crime, and deviance. Deviance, the violation of social norms, and crime are evident in every community across the world, but how each culture deals with their view of these things is unique to their own society. This is also evident in how different sociologist perceive deviance; The Conflict Theory, The Functionalist Theory, and The Symbolic Interactionist Theory. Reiss and Rhodes hypothesized that the disadvantage of lower class boys will highly increase the rate of delinquency in comparison to upper-status boys (Krohn et al. 1980:305). This is one demonstration of a functionalist perspective while a conflict theorist exhibit the struggle between the elite and common for power. Furthermore, other sociologist are not content with one view or the other, relying on the different theories of symbolic interactions.

Society, the United States more specifically, has created the criminal justice system to control these violations of societal norms,…
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