The Conflict : Why It Emerged

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Analysis of the conflict: Why it emerged
The civil war in Burundi has been attributed to the assassination of Melchior Ndadaye, who was the first Hutu president to be elected. Before the October 1993 general election, the Burundian government was Tutsi dominated (laccino, 2015). The ascension of Melchior Ndadaye created much tension among the Tutsi militia who were in denial of the outcome of the election. His assassination by Tutsi extremists led in to indiscriminate killings of each warring faction (Badmus, 2015). The Origins of this interethnic conflict has been attributed to decades of colonialists divide and rule strategy.
Fig 1.1 Political Map of Burundi, with Bujumbura as its capital (Furian, 2016)

Primary Actors in the Conflict
The primary actors in the 1993 conflict were the Tutsi and the Hutu, who have had a long history of ethnic tension since independence.
Each side supported a political party; the Tutsi the Uprona, while the Hutu Frodebu. The Uprona (Tutsi) Political party had been in power since independence and for the first time a Hutu had been elected as president. The death of Melchior Ndadaye created a tense situation that unraveled into civil war hence killing around 300,000 people.
The main groups that actually directly engaged in the conflict included, the Tutsi Dominated Government Army and the two Hutu Rebel groups.

The Hutu Rebel Groups consisted of the Conseil National pour la Défense de la Démocratie–Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie
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