The Connection Between Malaria and Deforestation Deforestation is the clearing of forests where

900 WordsApr 23, 20194 Pages
The Connection Between Malaria and Deforestation Deforestation is the clearing of forests where the land is then converted for other uses. Deforestation happens globally on a massive scale as humans expand and cultivate the land. Examples of deforestation include the clearing of forests for cattle farming, mining and of course logging operations as well as a multitude of other uses. In the Amazon deforestation has been a problem for hundreds of years, ever since the Europeans ventured to the new world the Amazon has suffered from human settlement and the development of land. Because of these changes to the rainforest the ecosystem has been changed indefinitely. Malaria is an infectious disease born from mosquitoes that is caused by…show more content…
Not all mosquitoes carry malaria but the species Anopheles darlingi does, and previous studies have shown that it thrives in recently cleared or disturbed areas. According to their research you're over 200 times to be bitten by one in a clearing than you are deep in the jungle (Olsen 2010). The causal mechanism linking deforestation to malaria is quite a simple one. Deforestation leads to land development which then leads increased income and prosperity of the region which leads to greater population in the region due to jobs and living space. The land development cleared the dense jungle and opened the area up. These are much better breeding and living conditions for the Anopheles darlingi mosquito while decreasing the amount of its natural predators because of the absence of forest. The increase in Anopheles darlingi population as well has the increase in human population inevitably leads to an increase of malaria cases due to the mosquitoes' need for blood. In a study in Belém, Brazil, Anopheles darlingi reappeared in 1992 after the species was supposedly eliminated in 1968. The researchers hypothesized that the reappearance of the mosquito was because of the encroachment of the city on the surrounding forest (Vittor 2006). In a separate case a malaria epidemic ensued following shortly after the clearing of a forest in Trinidad as a result of the Anopheles

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