The Conquest Of Bread By Peter Kropotkin

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After reading the professor's comments regarding Paper 1, I concur that I investigated the bourgeois state in a capitalist society but did not fully develop my argument on work, labor, and free time. In order to address this I should have incorporated The Conquest of Bread by Peter Kropotkin. Two chapters in particular that would connect anarchism communism to work, labor, and free time are Chapters fifteen and fourteen.
Chapter fifteen focused on the division of labor system and its inadequacy to provide workers with meaningful labor. Kropotkin uses an example from Alex Smith, who championed division of labor, because Smith does not take into account if workers want specialized labor positions. What I mean by this is if a worker specialized
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Kropotkin offers that before a society can produce they must first assess what the state needs. This way of producing translates the economy into a science because workers are not longer producing for surplus but for the state's needs. Upon further investigation Kropotkin describes this science as “The study of the needs of humanity,and the means of satisfying them with the least possible waste of human energy” (Conquest for Bread, Kropotkin). This furthers lead me to investigate whether a working man needs a house? Under capitalism the average worker spends most of their life time at the workplace so when would they have the leisure time to enjoy the customization to their house? Private property is what enslaves the worker strive for a false dream, by working more to ensure they always have a house but do not have the leisure time to enjoy the private property. Capitalism paired with producing for surplus perpetuates the work cycle so that the rich get richer and that physical workers is more divided. This notion of producing for surplus is also contradictory because if one single man produces more than he can consume then why does he not have leisure time. The state is the reason the free man produces in order to pay taxes to own property, feed his family and himself , but is still trapped in the perpetual cycle of consumption and production. Kropotkin concludes anarchist communism would be more practical if economies were structured by producing commodities that offer a high “value in use” that satisfies the real needs for human to invent machinery that requires less human energy to produce high quantity and quality necessities not
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