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The Consequences Of An Opt-Out System

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Quite the reverse is the situation in those countries where an opt-out system is followed. Broadly, these countries have notable higher rates of organ donation, which consists in a presumed consent where every deceased person is considered a donor if they didn’t express any objection throughout their lifetime. If there is no statement from the deceased objecting to be an organ donator, the consent will be assumed. For instance, Spain is known worldwide for its mass success in the organ transplantation field and it could be potentially due to the fact that their organ donation system is based in the presume consent.
There is a single and remarkable scene where a country has decided to abandon these systems and establish one outside the opt-in
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The never-ending waiting list keeps getting longer. Besides that, patients often are more vulnerable and susceptible to contract diseases, likewise they have to face a possible aggravation of their illness, while they wait for an organ transplant. Bearing in mind the limitation of available organ donors and number of deaths on the waiting list, many transplant programs have expanded selection criteria, including older and higher risk donors in order to offer transplants to more patients. People that otherwise would have been discarded from the list as a potential donor, due to perhaps age or unsuitable health conditions, such as use of illicit drugs or the presence of diseases as hepatitis and heart diseases, are now capable to donate. Similarly, these donors are matched with recipients whose names wouldn’t have been introduced onto the waiting list, owing to advance age, a previous transplantation executed, and other medical factors (Klein, Lewis & Madsen, 2011, p. 75). As a result, in order to attempt to cease the lack of organs, it has brought to place the liberalizing of the donor organ acceptance…show more content…
It also considers that such a valuable resource should be treated as it; therefore, the allocation of this finite resource should have the relevance that requires. The allocation policies should cover major objectives such as providing fair and equal access to organs for all patients without discrimination, as well as prolonging the life of the recipient and an overall ease of human affliction. However, reaching such achievement has been a difficult and highly complicated goal for the medical community. An effective allocation system would be one which is able to balance two major aspects, justice and utility. In the matter of justice, being that every single one of these organs is considered and viewed as national resource; most people argue that their allocation has to be as fair and equitable as possible, distributed equally among all the patients listed for an organ transplant. The allocation of the organs should be independent of race, age, ability to pay, blood group or any other physiological characteristics. To the same extent, regarding utility, it has been speculated that the current system in most countries fails in allocating properly this limited resource. Since the health system is under such scrutiny and with the tough duty of dealing with a restricted number of available organs, it has to guarantee that they are making the best use out of it. Depending on the internal policies
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