The Consequences Of Deviance

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Deviance can be described as a violation of social norms, this violation can vary in extremity but nevertheless is still a violation (Henslin 158). Deviant actions are described based on the reaction of society towards the action, this means that deviant acts can differ from person to person based on opinions. Deviant acts in themselves don't always have to be negative but are given a negative connotation due to society's opinion on the actions. Socialization creates these norms that keep order, deviance is the destruction of this order. Deviance can be effected by labels as well. The labeling theory was created in order to explain how labels are given to individuals which then shape who those individuals become. In other words, labels affect self-perception and the perception of others which can cause changes in someone's personality, usually causing one to become more deviant (Henslin 164). Deviance is also affected when it is medicalized. Deviance is often medicalized, meaning deviant actions are explained by blaming mental issues. This means actions that are considered negative are often associated with sickness. When deviance is classified as a sickness, it is neither metal nor an illness but a problem behavior. Deviant actions are other ways of coping with stress yet these actions cause society to see certain individuals as mentally unstable (Henslin 184). Both processes affect deviance by causing it or misinterpreting it. Rosenhan wrote an article comparing sanity and insanity, relating to deviance. Normality and abnormality standards vary throughout the world, similar to deviance but, while standards differ there is no denying that some actions are deviant or odd. The deviant and odd are often seen as insane, or insanity is blamed for the deviance and abnormalities; this causes people to be placed in asylums. Rosenhan's passage spoke of an experiment where the concept of sanity and how it is determined was tested. Multiple test subjects entered an asylum, entering they all spoke of voices and feeling empty, they were then diagnosed with schizophrenia. All but one subject was admitted into the asylum and stayed there for an average of 18 days. The test subjects accepted were admitted quite
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