The Context Of Intergroup Relations

2200 Words Oct 10th, 2014 9 Pages
In the context of intergroup relations, three forms of social bias including prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination have a pejorative meaning. Stereotypes are cognitive schemas, assumptions or beliefs about how in-group members characterise out-group members, which may lead to prejudice (Lippmann 1922). Prejudice, on the other hand, is hatred based on fixed generalizations that may be directed at a stereotyped out-group individual who is part of a group or at a group as a whole, leading to discrimination (Allport 1954). Lastly, discrimination or biased behaviour is the negative behaviour that is purported towards a group. Though prejudice is produced through educated stereotypes, racism tends to be an exhibition of prejudice (Gamst, Liang & Der-Karabetian 2011). According to Devine (1989, p.6), prejudice and discrimination are two elements that form racism and racial prejudice. Racial prejudice is negative perceptions or attitudes towards a racial group, which is developed through socialization processes and personal experience (Devine 1989). Although there are multiple causes to prejudice, this essay will argue that prejudice is neither innate nor distinctive. This paper will reveal that prejudice is a learned behaviour that is achieved throughout the individual’s environment, which influences their behaviour and shapes their personality. This essay will demonstrate such a finding by exhibiting and amplifying Sherif et al. (1961) experiment. This essay will…
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