The Contingency Theory Of The Theories Of Leadership

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1.0 Introduction The Oxford dictionary (n.d.) defines leadership as the action of leading a group of people or an organization, or has the ability to do the same. Kruse (2013) after analyzing a number of definitions has said that leadership is the process where a leader influencing his followers and maximizing their efforts towards the achievement of a common goal. Throughout history scholars and psychologists have attempted to build various theories of leadership by identifying and defining unique characteristics of leaders and their various styles of leadership. There are four such theories developed. Namely, Trait theories (What type of characteristics makes a good leader), Behavioural theories (How would a good leader act or behave?),…show more content…
The theory argues that when it comes to relationships between the leadership style and the effectiveness in achieving a desired set of goals, the preferred leadership style which is used will very according to the situation. (Vasu, Stewart, and Garson, 1998, p. 106). Locke (1999) has also explained contingency theories of leadership were developed by traditional theorists who commonly claimed that leadership theories must be situationally contingent. Which means that one style of leadership cannot be used for each and every situation, they will be and have to be different. Locke (1999) goes on to say that such situations may involve factors such as volatility of the environment, the size of the organization, the level of power a leader is granted and the complexity of the task or technology. There are three leadership models based on contingency theories 2.1.1 The Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership
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