The Contribution Of Angkor Wat

920 Words4 Pages
Angkor Wat, located in Angkor, Cambodia is the largest religious monument in the world. The massive temple complex was built by King Suryavarman II in the 12th century and was used as a place of worship for Hindus and then later Buddhists. King Suryavarman II deviated from tradition and dedicated Angkor Wat to the god Vishnu as opposed to Shaiva. To this day Angkor Wat remains a religious center, as well as one of Cambodia’s largest tourist attractions. This research paper will focus on several key ideas including: the origin of Angkor Wat and how it emerged, how the city hosted the public and how all users were included, the conflicts that emerged over time, and key design aspects of the city. Angkor Wat emerged through a syncretic…show more content…
Khmers also considered the west which was the direction of death and positioning the temple in that direction was said to make the transition of the kings death into the after life easier. The design of the complex was also built in alignment to the solar equinoxes and solstices. The materials of the structures were made from sandstone however some of the buildings were mostly constructed of perishable materials. Mortar was not used in the contact joints, instead interlocking stone blocks were used to hold the structure together. The overall complex was made of three galleries that surrounded the central temple, each ring representing a different level of spiritual cultivation. The first gallery is completely open and made of columns, the second is closed, the third gallery is a portico, and the inner temple is enclosed by walls. Constructed in the early 12th century (between 1113 and 1150) Angkor Wat is the largest religious monument in the world. The city appears to have hosted the public by at that time by offering a place of residence for any native Cambodians who believed in Hindu. Another interesting idea is that since Cambodia was constantly under war during this period of history, is that much of the culture believing already in Hindu, would come to City to find peace and safety. Angkor Wat translates to 'City of Temples ' or simply
Open Document