The Contribution Of The Plato And The Life Of Plato

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In 427 BCE, a significant political thinker, Plato, was born in Athens. Until his mid-twenties, Athens was involved in the peloponnesian War, an extensive and disastrous military conflict with Sparta. Plato grew up in a place of conflict due to political issues. He grew an immense dislike towards democracy because in 399 bc a democratic court voted for Socrates’ execution on an unjust charge of impiety, and in 404 B.C Plato witnessed the death of his uncle, Critias, during the civil war between the aristocrats and the democrats. According to Melissa Lane’s The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, socrates was Plato's mentor/teacher. Plato witnessed the death of his uncle, Critias, during the civil war between the aristocrats and the democrats (History.com Staff). Therefore, Plato came to the conclusion that all existing governments were bad and almost beyond redemption. He thought that the purpose of the government is to promote justice. Justice meaning that excelling in the role one was born in. Another reason he also thought that a democracy was the worst type of government is because all equal and others besides born leaders ruled. Plato is primarily influenced by Socrates to the point that Socrates is usually the main character in many of plato’s writings, he was also influenced by Pythagoreans, Parmenides, and Heraclitus. For instance, in the internet encyclopedia of philosophy states that, “Aristotle and Diogenes agree that Plato had some early association the

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