The Contribution of Different Approaches to Psychology for the Development of Modern Psychology

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Psychology is a vast field which consists of theories and approaches where it involves certain assumptions on human behavior. How they function and the aspects of the behavior that needs to be studied, in addition to the research methods that are needed to be followed in order to understand it thoroughly. These approaches provide characteristic viewpoints and emphasize different factors. These approaches have contributed towards the development of modern psychology in various ways. There are many historical approaches that lead to determining of psychology to the field it is today. Structuralism arose as the first approach in the history of psychology.it was the study of sensation and perception that set up our conscious…show more content…
Skinner mentioned that some behavior could be described by the person’s intentions and therefore arise for a justification and that the positive reinforcement and the negative reinforcements and the punishments are the three main behavior modeling aspects .classical conditioning was demonstrated by Ivan Pavlov where he conditioned the dogs to salivate to the bell through continued association of the sound of the bell and the food. In the day today or modern psychology the theories of classical conditioning have been applied in many therapies. This consists of systematic desensitization for phobias where the phobias are effectively overcome in steps. And today the theory of classical conditioning is also used in aversion therapies in the world of modern psychology. Today the theories of behaviorism are applied in health settings, where therapists and counselors make use of the techniques to support and treat different illnesses. The biological theory believes that all most all the behaviors are inherited from one generation to the other and that it has an adaptive function.it is an approach where the psychology is taken in a more scientific manner. The biological approaches have led to the understanding of the human brain in a more clear view and it has significantly helped to improve different brain disorders like schizophrenia. In addition to it the biological findings have helped in the psychiatry world
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