The Contribution of Functionalist Sociology to an Understanding of the Role of Education in Society

1337 WordsSep 16, 20116 Pages
The Contribution of Functionalist Sociology to an Understanding of the Role of Education in Society Works Cited Missing ' 'Schools serve a function in a complex industrial society that family and peer groups cannot ' ' ( Durkheim,1956) Education is important in society. The structure and processes of education systems are related to the general process of socialisation. All sociologists agree with this, but sociologists have many different views about how societies are structured. They have many different views about the role of education in society. The following research will focus on the role of education from a Functionalist, Marxist and an Interactionalist 's perspective. Functionalists think of education…show more content…
Also, if a child is attending private school, it does not necessarily mean that the child will be of better conduct. Also, a child maybe placed into the wrong set for a subject, if this happens their intelligence may not be able to flourish, or, if a child is put into a higher set which is too advanced for them, they may feel negative as they struggle with the work, or perhaps embarrassed to ask for help if all the other children understand. On the other hand, it may create a positive influence and encourage the individual to work harder and challenge the fellow students. This is the functionalist idea of a self fulfilling prophecy, so that a student could start to believe and make impossible situations possible. According to functionalism, our status is achieved through exams. Parsons argues that everyone is treated the same way and everyone has the same chance to succeed, therefore those that achieve most in school do so due to their effort and ability and will benefit the society as a whole and will fill the best jobs available. However, Marxist Bowles and Gintis found that students that were creative and independent achieved lower grades which meant these qualities being overlooked. Students who were punctual and dependable would become teachers ' favourites just because the creative and independent students did not like the way in which there education and work is
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