The Contributions Of James Dewey Watson

1036 Words Aug 25th, 2016 5 Pages
James Dewey Watson was born on April 6, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois. He attended the Horace Mann Grammar School, South Shore High School. In the summer of 1943, he entered the experimental four-year college program at the University of Chicago. In 1947, he received a B.Sc. degree in zoology. He subsequently earned a fellowship for a graduate study program at the University of Indiana in Bloomington. At Indiana he was inspired by geneticists H.J. Muller and T.M. Sonneborn, and microbiologist S.E. Lucia, under whom Watson completed his thesis regarding the effect of hard X-rays on bacteriophage multiplication. From 1950 to 1951 he traveled to Copenhagen as Merck Fellow of the National Research Council during his first postdoctoral year. He worked with biochemist Herman Kalckar and microbiologist Ole Maaløe shortly thereafter, and studied bacterial viruses to analyze the structure of DNA. In the spring of 1951, he traveled with Kalckar to the Zoology Station at Naples. there he met Maurice Wilkins and for the first time saw the X-ray diffraction pattern of crystalline DNA which prompted his to change the orientation of his research to the structural chemistry of nucleic and proteins. In October of 1951 he began to work at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge where he soon met Francis Crick.

Francis Harry Compton Crick was born on June 8, 1916 in Northampton, England. He attended the Northampton Grammar School and Mill Hill School. He received a B.Sc. degree in physics at…

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