# The Contributions of Isaac Newton Essay

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It was a period in which there was an epidemic of a genius virus in Europe for scientists, explorers, inventors of many things including mathematics. Among them was Isaac Newton (1642-1727) who co-invented calculus, discovered the Binomial Theorem, and formulated a theory of universal gravitation (Smith). Newton has been regarded for almost 300 years as the founding exemplar of modern physical science, his achievements in experimental investigation being as innovative as these in mathematical research. Before discussing his three achievements, it is important to note that Newton had some college experience but did his significant work was at home. Newton entered Trinity College, Cambridge in 1661. His interest in mathematics began in the …show more content…
This led Newton to the invention of the Binomial Theorem which he claimed was the easiest way to solve the quadratures of curves (“The Life of Isaac Newton”). The discovery of the Binomial Theorem is essential in understanding many mathematical concepts such as probability. For instance, when I flip a coin, the outcome is either a head or tail. Binomial Theorem is also used to expand polynomials. While he was still at home, Newton laid the foundations for his next discovery, differential and integral calculus, several years before its independent discovery by Gottfried Leibniz. He termed it the method of fluxions which was based on his crucial insight that integration of a function is only the inverse procedure to differentiating it. Newton produced simple logical methods that:
Unified many separate techniques previously developed to solve apparently unrelated problems such as finding areas, tangents, the length of curves, and the maxima and minima of functions [taking differentiation as the basic operation]. Newton’s De Methodis Serierum etFluxionum was written in 1671 but [he] failed to get it published [later produced by John Colson in English translation in 1736] (O’Connor and Robertson).
He regularly dealt with infinitely small quantities and used dots above the variable functions to denote derivatives (“Isaac Newton”). However, notations in calculus we use are primarily due to the other inventor of