The Controversial Issue of Abortion Essay

1359 Words 6 Pages
Abortion is a very controversial topic. This paper will discuss the opposing sides of the issue as well as my own personal opinion. The basic question is when a developing person actually becomes a person or alive. The following articles: A Defense of Abortion, by Judith Jarvis Thomson and Opposition to Abortion: A Human Rights Approach, by Baruch Brody discuss the opposing sides of the abortion issue. I will be using and summarizing those articles in my evaluation of the topic abortion.
In Judith Jarvis Thomson’s article, A Defense of Abortion, she argues that a mother has the rights to “unplug” herself from a fetus even if we assume it is a person. She also believes this to be permissible in cases other than rape.
The extreme
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Another way for a person to be “uninvited” into someone’s body, is if a woman is voluntarily engaging in intercourse, and due to her bad actions she gets pregnant. Eventhough, she did invite this person the fetus to live inside her, but by knowing the consequences of her actions, the fetus does hold some rights to her body. By having an abortion, it would be depriving the fetus of its right to use its mother’s body.
The succeeding argument it the indecency and injustice argument. Thomson says there are cases in which it is morally indecent to separate a person from your body at the cost of its life. An example of that is what if pregnancy lasted only for one hour, but the pregnancy is the result of a rape. Even thought it is only lasting one hour it would be indecent of the mother to abort the child. Nevertheless, if a woman is pregnant due to a raping, then she does have to opportunity to not allow the unborn to use her body for the time it needs. It may be indecent but it is not unjust.
Baruch Brody criticizes the opposition to Thomson’s article. His stance on the issue is that if we think that the fetus is a person, then abortion is wrong unless both the mother and the baby will die anyway. Many opponents of abortion argue that at conception there is a human life that is created and has its own genetic makeup and if left alone it will develop to the point of birth.
He begins his…