The Convention On International Trade Of Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora ( Cites )

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Introduction to the international agreement. 
 The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was put in place on July 1, 1975 to address the need to protect species on a global level by controlling international trade. The aim of CITES is to protect species that are considered endangered (Couzens, 2013). CITES uses three Appendices to evaluate which level the endangered species should be put in. Appendix I includes species that are threatened by extinction due to trading (Couzens, 2013). It bans any trading of these species related to commercial purposes and any trading that could be harmful to their survival (Wiersema, 2013; CITES). Furthermore, any export, re-export and import permit must be needed for any accepted import, export or re-exported purposes (CITES). Appendix II includes species that may not be perceived near extinction, but regulations regarding trade are put in place to control and regulate it to prevent any endangerment (Wiersema, 2013; Couzens, 2013; CITES). Additionally, any live animal or plant must be cared for with minimal risk to injury, health and treatment during the trading process (CITES). Any export, re-export and import permit must be needed for trading purposes (CITES). Lastly, Appendix III according to CITES is controlling trading of species to prevent and/or diminish any likelihood of exploitation (Couzens, 2013; CITES). Any export, re-export and import permits are needed relating to trading

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