The Core Function of Police in Reference to Wilson and Keeling's Broken Windows Thesis

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The Core Function of Police in Reference to Wilson and Keeling's Broken Windows Thesis In considering whether the core function of the Police should be to maintain order, there are a number of issues, both historic and current, which need to be taken into consideration. For example, the maintenance of what constitutes “order” can be interpreted differently by different communities i.e. urban and rural. The expectations of police performance and in how they deploy their resources to meet conflicting demands need to satisfy both nationally set targets and meet locally driven priorities. These demands also impacts on the police as they are expected to adopt a more managerialistic approach to policing…show more content…
[and] ..“the preservation of public tranquillity” This type of policing was considered essential to protect law-abiding citizens from the disorderly underclass such the poor, beggars, drunks and the homeless predominantly in urban areas. It was also felt that it would also provide the opportunity to detect crime if certain areas were targeted. As the police service was rolled out across other metropolitan areas, similar styles of policing were introduced although not with out some contention. The prioritisation of crime prevention and maintenance of order, was contested, particularly after a moral panic in 1862 when MP Hugh Pilkington was robbed (Muncie and McLaughlin 2002, the problem of crime p.145) this raised many concerns about the police in that their main style of policing was not deemed to be effective. Hence by the late nineteenth century the detection of crime was considered more important that crime prevention. What this demonstrated was that there was disagreement about the police’s primary functions right from the inception of the police force, which to some extent still continues in contempory society. Today, to put policing in context of wider social control strategies, the UK Government view is that crime is an inevitable small part of normal behaviour in society and that everyone has a part to play to maintain order and

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