The Correlation Between Acquired Education, Environment And Crime

770 Words4 Pages
Nowadays, an increase number of people are concerned about which factor mainly decides people’s criminal act, due to people still living in the environment of higher crime rates. According to the report of UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime), a global average intentional homicide rate up to 6.2 per 100,000 population in 2012. While some scientists believe that individuals’ criminal behaviour can be cultivated and developed through education and environment, others argue that this negative behaviour patterns are mainly decided by people’s biological inheritance. This essay will consider evidence for both claims and will argue that people’s criminal behaviour is the result of complex interaction between natural and nurtured factors and to some extent, it is largely influenced by postnatal education.

On the one hand, the relationship between acquired education, environment and crime exist should be accepted by people. For example, according to data of the NLSY (National Longitudinal Survey of Youth) has shown Probability of Imprisonment is inversely linked with the fixed number of years of the education (the number of imprisoned people is reduced from 1.6% to 0.2%when people’s education duration is increased from 2years to 18years) and education reduces self-reported participating in both violent and property crimes. Meanwhile, “a significant part of social return to education is in the form of externalities from crime reduction” (Lochner&Moretti,2001). This is
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