Essay The Corruption Scandal of the European Commission

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Abstract: The Corruption Scandal of the European Commission and its possible effects on the institutional balance and the question of legitimacy

I. Defining Corruption
The first chapter is an attempt to define corruption. It is important to divide overlapping and complicated terms such as corruption, scandal and fraud. Corruption is defined as an illegal transaction, where both actors benefit from their special position in the market or the government. Scandal is the public reaction to allegations of corruption and thus it is interconnected with the issue of legitimacy. Fraud, however is a purely criminal cathegory.

The European Commission is a multicultural and multinational institution of the European Union so it is vital to take
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In the northern part of the continent there is more emphasis on the notions of incompatibility and the conflict of interest. There are problems however around the financing of political parties.

II. The Organization of the European Commission
The Commission is at thte heart of the Union. It has a very important role in formulating policies, initiating legislation, overseeing implementation, make administrative decisions.

The Commission had a great impact on the poltics of the Communities from the earliest times. The ambitions of the Commission to gain more influence in European decision-making caused frequent conflict with the Council of Ministers, which saw the strengthening of the supranational Commission as a main threat to the souvereignity of the member states. This conflict was accentuated at the Luxembourg crisis in 1965, which was the greatest institutional crisis of the Community. The crisis was caused by De Gaulle`s resistance of the Commission`s proposal of introducing majority voting in the Council instead of unanimity. The French President paralysed the working of the Community by practicing the "empty chair" politics, boykotting the Council of Ministers. The crisis was solved by he Luxembourg compromise, which kept the veto of the member states.

The first sign of corruption in the Commission was the 1979 report of the Court of Auditors, which accused the commissioners of using the community funds for private purposes and scrunitized the
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