The Country Of Afghanist Afghanistan

2035 Words Jun 5th, 2016 9 Pages
Geopolitics: Afghanistan

Background information. [Accessed 13 May 2016]. The country of Afghanistan is in Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran. It is a small nation, and it is slightly smaller than Texas (area 652,230 sq km). It is bordered by Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Iran. The land is very mountainous and the terrain is very rugged. The country is divided by the Hindu Kush mountain range.

The region of conflict.

When the Pashtun tribes were united in 1747, Afghanistan was founded. Afghanistan served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from the British in 1919. The democracy ended in 1973 when the government was overthrown in a coup and again in 1978another coup by a communist inspired group. This new government was supported by the Soviet Union who invaded Afghanistan in 1979 to support the communist government. After ten years, Russia withdrew from Afghanistan (1989) due to pressure from internationally supported anti-communist forces. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall to the Taliban in 1996. The Taliban was a hardline, Pakistani-sponsored, movement that emerged in 1994. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the Twin Towers in New York, for which the Taliban was blamed, a US, Allied and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military operation was set in motion which toppled the Taliban in Afghanistan. The Taliban was accused of…
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