The Country Of Chile Came Under The Rule Of Spain

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The country of Chile came under the rule of Spain in the mid-16th century. In order to achieve its independence Chile came to the realization that it would need to control the sea, and that a naval squadron was a necessity in order to defeat Spain once and for all. Bernardo O’Higgins, one of Chile’s patriot leaders, is quoted as saying after a battle that “This triumph and a hundred more will be insignificant unless we control the sea” (Worcester 8).This realization of the importance of the sea is also what helped Chile to develop and prosper following their independence from their colonial ruler, Spain in the 1800s. During the war for independence, Chile recognized the importance of the sea not just as a means of achieving victory over…show more content…
In order to accomplish this Chile created the port at Valparaiso, the first major port for ships coming around Cape Horn (Collier 17). While under colonial rule Chile was limited to who they could do business with, following their independence Chile found new markets to sell their products to such as Britain and the United States (Collier 17). The gold rush in California also helped to increase foreign trade in Valparaiso. Though Chile at first traded primarily with Western countries, it eventually diversified its range of countries that they traded with following some trade reforms. For example, Chile now trades with Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, other Latin American countries, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, and China to name a few (Gwynne 52). In addition, Chile has many free trade agreements with countries such as the United States of America, the European Union, China, and Japan to name a few (“SICE: Countries: Chile: Trade Agreements." ). The diversification of trading partners means that Chile is better able to cope with any potential economic downturn such as the 2008 Global Financial Crisis (Gwynne 52). Chile also used its variety of climates, natural resources, and vegetation to its advantage. Simon Collier states that “From the viewpoint of foreign trade, the goose that laid most of the golden eggs was mining” (76). Sure enough mining was a vital component for Chile’s development. For example, the deserts of Chile contain one of Chile’s most profitable natural
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