The Court System Of England And Wales

2033 Words Mar 14th, 2015 9 Pages
The court system in England and Wales originated during the Anglo - Saxon period. Back then local men gathered in Moot Courts, deciding on issues in line with local customs. Piece by piece the system became more sophisticated, which can be seen clearly after a brief overview on its evolution and evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages.
After the Norman Conquest, certain cases were brought before the King (Coram Rege in Latin), later the King started to delegate the power to administer Royal Justice to a council. This council was known as the King 's Court (Curia Regis in Latin), which later branched into the common-law courts. At first the Exchequer of pleas, Common Pleas and the King 's Bench, followed by the Court of Chancery in the mid-14th century. The Judicature Acts of 1873 and 1875 modernised the court structure drastically. Introducing, the Supreme Court of Judicature also known as the House of Lords, as a final court of Appeal above the High Court. Along with the creation of a single Court of Appeal in Civil matters.
Furthermore, the introduction of a new improved divisional structure for the High Court. This was finalised in 1881 with the merge of Common pleas and Exchequer into the Queens Bench Division.
The Criminal Appeal Act 1907 recognised the right of appeal in criminal cases and established the Court of Criminal Appeal.
Continuing the modernisation, the Courts Act 1971 abolished and replaced various courts. At the same time the Act created the…
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