The Court System Of England And Wales

848 Words Mar 10th, 2015 4 Pages
The court system in England and Wales means a thousand years of history and development throughout different political and social climates. This essay will provide a brief history of this evolution and evaluation of some advantages and disadvantages of a modern jury system.
According to The Open University (2014, section 10.1), under Anglo-Saxon domination all disputes were resolved in local courts called ‘moots’. These courts later developed and became Magistrates’ Courts, still keeping their local function. Majority of all criminal cases are heard there, however the courts can only decide on ‘summary’ or ‘triable either way’ offences, referring the most serious files to the Crown Court.
Crown courts, which superseded the courts of assize and quarter sessions, were established under the Courts Act 1971 to improve efficiency of the existing criminal justice system. The latter were local courts of the Queen 's Bench Division, which served a number of circuits by assembling juries and hearing cases not serious enough to go before a High Court judge.
The Norman Conquest made significant changes to the English law by establishing the ‘Curia Regis’, the court which was ruled by the king and his appointed judges. Some key institutions of Parliament, such as the common law courts including King’s (Queen’s) Bench, Common Pleas, Exchequer, and the Court of Chancery evolved from the ‘Curia Regis’. The law became to be more centralised through a unified court system to a national…
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