The Creation of Shelter in Pre-Colonial North Australia and New Zealand

2513 WordsAug 2, 201411 Pages
The Creation Of Shelter In Pre-Colonial Far North Australia And New Zealand Shelter has always been a necessity for mankind. We, as humans, have a relationship with the land that we must respect to live happily amongst it. Spaning back as far as the pre-Colonial Australia, indigenous Australians understood this connection excellently. Their shelters seemed to ‘bend with the land’ as they understood crucial elements within the architecture to compensate for distinctive climate and cultural factors to fit their nomadic lifestyle. Their living style was very minimalistic yet practical. The indigenous Australians only built what they needed to survive. For evidence of this, we will be looking at the text; ‘Gunyah, Goondie and Wurley: the…show more content…
Similar to conservation of food and environment, their architectural style was also minimalistic. The far north indigenous tribes of Australia centralised their camps and villages in the proximity of a running stream. This ensured that their food sources weren’t toxic plants, that they had an abundance of riverine species such as crayfish, eels and fish, the construction of earth oven with river sand and rock for manufacturing nutcrackers and axes7. These sorts of villages were constructed quite permanently to facilitate older relatives in a cool and providing place whist other tribe members continued to move from place to place8. Building near a stream was a sustainable idea as the surrounding area was far less dense, they didn’t need to clear much spaces to build a camp. They would aim for places with much sun light to escape the constant wet environment of the rainforest.9 They had to take care that the ground was semi-elevated to ensure the camp was not flood prone, that the river they were camped next to would not rise too much. In these base camps, more permanent dome structures were built. The indigenous understood the different between structures that would support them for longer periods of time and that of a nomadic lifestyle. Similarly, the early settlements of the first New Zealanders were often at harbors or the mouths of rivers which were close to the sea. This provided them with good access to
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