The Creation of the Airplane

963 WordsJul 13, 20184 Pages
Flying has always been one of human’s greatest advancements. From the skies of world war one to the birds floating by. The airplane has created such an amazing transportation revolution all around the world. Approximately over 4.5 million people use an airplane every day for either personal use or work. Orville and Wilbur Wright with the help of thousands of years of research created the first powered aircraft controlled, and sustained in flight with a pilot aboard. The number of years they spent just working on the first airplane was 6 years. They began research and planning in 1899, until their first success in 1905 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The plane was named Wright Flyer and has gone down in history as the first piloted plane.…show more content…
The equation is based off of area, lift, drag, and speed, all very important factors of flight. Their original plan was to have a 200 sq. ft. wing, only to be reduced to 165 sq. ft. the reason they were a total of 35 ft. off was they couldn’t find the correct wood they wanted. Instead of 18 ft. of spruce they only received 16 ft. of pine. Pine is a less resilient wood, resulting in both a smaller lifting surface and a slightly weaker structure. The wings ribs were constructed from ash strips. The stem bent into a chamber of 1 in 23. Each rib was 1/23 the width of the wing. On both wings they placed a single layer of French sateen which covered the framework. The wing ribs and spars fit into pockets sewn onto the bottom of the covering. The wooden structure was not stiffly fastened together instead were “floating” inside the pockets. The fabric removed any need for internal bracing, to help keep it from falling apart. This saved weight and made for a more resilient glider, in a hard landing. A 45˚ angle of the fabric helped the ability of wing warping. This also kept stiffness to the glider. The two brothers began testing their glider design in Kitty Hawk in the fall of 1900. They would lay on the lower wing and control the with two hand levers in front of him. The amount of times they would test their glider would be numerous. In 1901 The Wright brothers created an even larger version of the Wright Glider. With the same idea and set
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