The Creator of Mount Rushmore National Memorial Park Essay

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The Mount Rushmore National Memorial Park is one of the world's largest sculptural and engineering projects. In 1923, a historian named Doane Robinson came up with the original idea for Mount Rushmore as a way of attracting tourists. Sculptor-designer John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum (1867–1941) was contracted in 1927 to carve the solid-granite memorial. Borglum conceived the model figures, brought them to life within the mountain's stone, and directed 400 artisans until his death in 1941. Later that year, his son Lincoln finished the project, which had spanned 14 years (6.5 years of actual carving and 8.5 years of delays due to lack of money and bad weather) at a cost of $1 million
Every monument and every large project of any type has
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He was also honored with the Logan Medal of Arts for some of his portraits. Borglum’s passion was to create art depicting American achievements.
From a six-ton block of marble, he carved the head of Abraham Lincoln, which can be seen today in the Capitol Rotonda in Washington DC. In 1908, Borglum created a sculpture of Civil War General Philip Sheridan to be placed in Sheridan Circle, also in our nation’s capital. Upon its unveiling, President Teddy Roosevelt affirmed the artist’s talent with the quip, “First rate!”
Even though Borglum’s dream was to create monuments made by Americans with American themes, he realized that the Mount Rushmore Memorial would never have been completed in accordance with his vision without the aid of an Italian immigrant.
Luigi Del Bianco
Across the Atlantic Ocean, Vincenzo and Osvalda Del Bianco were on their return cruise from the United States to Italy and there at the port of Le Havre, France was their son, Luigi, welcoming them home on May 18, 1982. As a small boy at home in Meduno, Pordenone, Italy, Luigi watched his father carve wooden figures; fascinated, he took up the art himself. Vincenzo noticed the boy’s talents and encouraged him. At the age of 11, Luigi accompanied his father to Austria, to learn the art of stone carving from master artisans. After two years in Vienna, Luigi returned to Italy, where he completed his studies in Venice.

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