Endurance is a novel that explains the giant failure of a trans-Antarctic expedition. The entire operation was led by bold and brave man by the name of Sir Ernest Shackleton. The purpose of the expedition was to attempt to cross the Antarctic continent in the year 1914. It was an outrageous and at some points, a hopeless struggle for survival for Shackleton and his crew. He had a crew of twenty-eight strong and noble men, which were resilient and determined on this journey, of about two years. The book’s title, Endurance, is also the ship Shackleton and his crew used on the expedition. The ship was unfortunately crushed by the ice very early in the men’s journey, leaving them stranded on drifting ice, for about a year, but that was just the beginning.
Then they also had to deal with mosquitoes, they were a major problem for the explorers because, the mosquitoes would cause swelling of the face and eyes. Besides that they had to handle encountering many different wild animals. One encounter Lewis nearly died getting attacked by a grizzly bear. To continue the explorers had to try an make good relations with Native Americans and they usually went well except for one incident where they had to fight. There wasn’t any casualties for the explorers but two members out of the black fleet tribe died. They would also get lost an be on the verge of starving. However by the end of the expedition there was only one casualty, Sargent Charles Floyd and it was from a ruptured appendix so for the explorers this was a successful expedition.
Shipwreck at the Bottom of the Worldvividly recreates one of the most extraordinary adventure stories in history. In August 1914, Ernest Shackleton and 27 men sailed from England in an attempt to become the first team of explorers to cross the Antarctic continent from one side to the other. Five months later and still 100 miles from land, their ship,Endurance, became trapped. The expedition survived an Antarctic winter in the icebound ship, then, afterEndurancesank, five months camped on the ice followed by a perilous boat journey through storms and icebergs to remote and unvisited Elephnat Island, 600 miles from Cape Horn. From there, their only hope was for someone to fetch help. In a dramatic climax to this amazing survival story, Shackleton
For an exemplary leader, what is one of the highest compliments that you could ever receive? Sir Ernest Shackleton was a British explorer who–after failing to reach the Southern Pole first–wanted to be the first to ever accomplish a trans–Antarctic expedition. On October 27th, 1915 Shackleton’s boat–the Endurance–was crushed by the pressure of the melting Antarctic ice; leaving Shackleton and his crew stranded in the Antarctic. On August 30th, 1916 after a treacherous one and a half years of living in the Antarctic and surrounding islands, Shackleton and his crew were rescued following an unimaginable story of survival. The qualities of leadership Shackleton exhibited that resulted in the survival of him and his crew were, having certain
The voyage started in August 1914, its leader Ernest Shackleton. Shackleton had already been to two different expeditions going to the Antarctic. The first one was when he went with the National Antarctic Expedition, the leader of that was by Robert F. Scott. The second voyage was when he traveled with three companions to go to the Pole, but because of the shortage of food, they had to turn back. This time was going to plan an expedition to cross the Antarctic all the way by foot. Shackleton was an incredible, born leader, who came up with this wild idea. Shackleton started getting the two largest items need for the party, the ships. The first ship he got was Aurora, which was from Sir Douglas Mawson. This ship had already been one expedition. The second ship he got was one from Lars Christensen and bought it for the mere price of $67,000 dollars, less than what Christensen had paid. Shackleton then went into the deal of getting financial aid and grants, most of it was the $120,000 from James Caird who was a jute manufacturer. He got $55,000 altogether from the government and the National Geographic Society.
The second crew included Horace Hunley and Charles Sprague. On October 15th, 1863 the crew set out for some test runs around a friendly ship, the Indian Chief. The first test run was successful, but on the second one something immediately looked wrong. As soon as the Hunley sank, air bubbles arose. This time there were no survivors. Less than two months after sinking, the Hunley had gone down again.
Shackleton also demonstrated that he was a pragmatic leader, capable of determining a vision and then executing that vision. In a sense, the vision was simple to get everybody home alive. Even that however was a big step, because many leaders would have simply accepted the idea that some sacrifices would have to be made. Shackleton instead determined that his vision would be something that the entire crew could buy into, and that with this buy-in he would be able to undertake the necessary tactical steps to ensure success. This can be seen for example with the trip to Elephant Island. This was risky, because of the conditions and also the fact that Elephant Island has no resources. However, there were a number of tough choices to be made from the point when the Endurance became stuck in the ice, and Shackleton made those choices. He never wavered from the fact that his
The Slave Ship was written by Marcus Rediker and it tells several accounts of the African slave trade as well as the world of the middle passage. The author discusses the nature of the slave ship and the African paths to the middle passage. Rediker also mentions the lives of historical figures (Olaudah Equiano, James Field Stanfield, and John Newton) and the roles that they had during the Atlantic slave trade. For the African captives, the sailors, and captains, the slave ship was seen as a wooden, floating, traveling dungeon and a place of terror and survival, which are also the overall main themes of the book.
In Endurance Shackleton's Incredible Voyage, Alfred Lansing recounts the tale of one of the greatest successes of the Twentieth Century. Ironically, Lansing's detailed account of the 1915 Trans-Antarctic Expedition illuminates the stark reality that Sir Ernest Shackleton's expedition did not fulfill its goal. In fact, the expedition never even set foot upon the continent that they had intended to cross. The outstanding success of that motley crew of adventurers was in their ability to endure the harsh Antarctic climate. Despite having their ship crushed by an ice cap, spending the dark Antarctic winter hopelessly alone, suffering through a stormy voyage in
I have the opportunity to meet people from around the globe. Working on the shipboard and travel by the sea can be a very dangerous situation. On the other hand, I can explore the nature and wildlife of the deep blue sea. The seaman's duties do not only involve how to live and survive in the shipboard but also to rescue life at the sea.
Why is that they had such a difficult time finding people to work on the ship if so many people we’re out of work? It may have been that there was talk in the town of the switch. With the rich and powerful, it may have been that they were friends with the high ranking people who knew that the titanic was going to sink and were warned. An example of one of these men is J.P. Morgan. He canceled his trip on the Titanic just a few days before its voyage, saying that it was due to sickness. A short while after he was photographed in France with his wife in seemingly good health. One theory is that he was informed about the scheduled crash and found another way to his destination. One where he knew he was safe (Shan Dawson’s YouTube
The first reason why Krakauer is responsible for the crew’s death is because he recruited them. Krakauer knew who he was recruiting, some experienced and some who relied heavily on the guide’s help. “I want you all to remember we have absolutely no chance of getting to the summit of Everest without their help.” (Krakauer 4:43). This shows how weak each member is without the help of a professional guide. While Krakauer knows the death rate on the trek to the top of Everest is high, he knew deep down it’d be a bad idea to bring inexperienced climbers onto this dangerous mountain.” Ever since 1922, when seven Sherpas were killed in an avalanche during the second British expedition, a disproportionate number of Sherpas have died on Everest—fifty-three all told.” ( Krakauer 4.17). This quote proves how dangerous Everest is even for experienced and
All but one of the three men survived those 47 days at sea. They had to survive on rain water and birds that would land on the raft for food and something to drink. The two men were burnet to a crisp and had sun blisters all over there body. After the forty seven days on the raft made them week.
Being a leader required a person has lots of different traits. One of the important characteristics is leaders should have the ability to lead people through a crisis. In today’s society, organizations are facing a variety of different crises. Management strategy in a crisis situation is different from the normal situation. Thus, a good leader should know how to help the organization to overcome the difficulties they faced. Some crises are even big enough to influence the future of the organization. Hence, the crisis leadership is a significant part in the organization. However, what are some qualities that a leader should have in a crisis?
The British exploration team took salvage on the ice and set up camp. Now the crew and Shackleton had a new mission, to get back alive, along the way they faced many challenges. The weather was harsh, the food supplies were dwindling and the isolation of the crew was beginning to take its toll. Shackleton kept the crew lively by assigning them duties as they had on the ship, everyone had a function to perform in equality; this eliminated jealousy amongst the crew members.