The Cri-du- Chat Syndrome

569 WordsJan 25, 20182 Pages
Diagnostic Criteria, Signs/Symptoms There are three distinctive characteristics that people with cri-du-chat syndrome exhibits. The first distinction is during birth; babies who are born with the syndrome have “a distinct high pitch monochromatic cry,” that resembled a crying cat. The cat-liked cries usually fade away within their second year of life. Additionally, they have low birth weight. The second is a clinical distinctions which varies from patients to patients, however, the physical appearance of the person may have a rounded face structure, eyes wide apart, malocclusion, and microcephaly (small head). Another example is the palm of their hands; the line on the palm goes straight across the entire palm. The third characteristic of the syndrome deals with intellectual disability and it ranges in degree (Pituch, 2010). According to Kristoffersen (a professor in Linguistics and Scandinavian studies) tested 26 children and their IQ test ranged from 40 to 57. Kristoffersen also reported children with cri-du-chat have behavior complications for instance, “hyperactivity, stereotyped aggressive and self injurious behaviors.” Speech and language development are also impaired with individual of cri-du-chat syndrome. Etiology of Diagnosis Speech and language of the individuals are impaired because the larynx is underdeveloped. Part of that reason is due to the deletion of the chromosome 5. Cri-du-chat is also known as 5P minus syndrome, Cat Cry, or CdCS, which got
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