The Crime Rate in Canada

2014 Words8 Pages
Background Crime in Canada The Canadian Constitution gives the power to establish, investigate, and adjudicate crimes with the federal government. The individual provinces are responsible for law enforcement, although in many cases this is contracted to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, which is a federal agency. The power to prosecute crimes belongs to the federal government, but responsibility for these prosecutions is delegated to the provinces for most types of crime. However, to make the issue more streamlined, laws and sentencing guidelines are fairly uniform throughout the country, but there are varying levels of enforcement based on individual provinces (Boyd, 2011). The crime rate in Canada has been in a general decline since 1991 and recent statistics show that of those crimes reported, 48% were property related and 12.6% were violent crime. Ironically, the three most northern territories with the least population have higher per capita crime rates that any province. Statistics from the Canadian Centre of Justice, crime was, in fact, the lowest since 1972. This general trend is positive, but there remains an increase in certain crimes since 2010 including homicide (7% increase), criminal harassment (1% increase), sexual crimes against children (3% increase), child pornography (40% increase), and impaired driving (2% increase) (Canada's Crime Rate, 2012). Experts in the government believe that the overall "tough on crime" measures are working noting that if
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