The Criminal Court System

1384 WordsAug 12, 20146 Pages
The Criminal Court system is made up of four main components, each with its distinct aim. Each part works independently to achieve its goals. The four components are: law enforcement, prosecution, the judiciary, and the corrections. Law enforcement is the most visible element of the criminal court system. It is the part that has the first contact with crime offenders and victims. The functions of this component are: receive and document crime reports, carry investigations on reported crimes, collect evidence, and arrest offenders. The prosecution ensures criminals are brought to justice. This element represents state interests. The defense part of this component represents the interest of the accused (Neubauer and Fradella 66). The judiciary has the duty of overseeing the proceedings of the court and ensures that the law is not broken at any stage of the criminal justice system. The final say on law matters comes from this element. The final component is the corrections stage and its duty is to imprison The consensual model is where both the perpetrator of the law and the client desire the unlawful action. It is mainly made up of victimless crimes, for instance the use of hard drugs, prostitution, and forbidden sexual acts between consenting adults. The adversarial model on the other hand argues that every case is made of two parts: the criminal part and the civil part. In the criminal side, the prosecution claims that the defendant is guilty whereas the defendant contends
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