The Criminal Justice System Is Served For Two Main Purposes Of Instrumental And Symbolic

1845 Words Oct 21st, 2014 8 Pages
The criminal justice system involves agencies and processes which are established by the government to ensure that criminal activity is controlled and penalties are imposed on those who violate the set laws. In Australia, over the past two centuries the criminal justice system has served for two main purposes of instrumental and symbolic. (Adam & Peter 2002). Instrumental, also known as utilitarian refers to the states responsibility to respond to criminal activity and to ensure security to the wider society by preventing criminal acts and reducing the amount of crime that occurs. However, symbolic is also known as utilitarian which relates to the responsibility the state has to ensure that the victims are compensated and redressed due to the imbalances that are caused by the people who take illegal advantage of another or diminish another’s human dignity. (Adam & Peter 2002)

In Australia, over the past 30 years there has been a lot of considerations and interest in sexual violence which has brought many significant changes in the ways in which the criminal justice system responds to sexual violence to ensure that victims in the offence are satisfied with the process. (Mark, Stephen & Stanley 2005). The directions that respond to crime in Australia are constantly moving, the two main directions which focus on the victim and ensuring they are satisfied within the process are innovative justice and repetitive. The innovative justice system promises to change established forms…
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