The Criminal Justice System Essay

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Police officers are our first line of defense in protecting society from the effects of crime. The construction of the criminal the justice system composes of various agencies with explicit procedures to control and diminish crimes along with, implementing penalties on those in violation of the laws. The criminal justice system prior to the American Revolution was not as complex and intricate as it is today, which focused primarily on punishment and retribution rather than deterrence. Traditional policing continues to be the norm, in spite of this, law enforcement agencies have adopted additional effective strategies and approaches, relating to curtailing criminal acts before there committed.
Law enforcement agencies have relied upon criminologists, criminal analysts and the public, to further advance their initiative of reducing crime. A variety of law enforcement agencies have organized elite or special units within their agencies tailored specifically towards the reducing crime and enhancing the quality of life within their community. Certainly, the strategies law enforcement agencies utilize across the United States vary--significantly. During my research, I uncovered strategies which exhibited vast effectiveness while others fell short or simply not substantiated.
I. Community-Oriented Policing
Community policing, is best defined by the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), "A philosophy that promotes organizational strategies, which support the systematic use

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