The Critique Of Practical Reason By Immamanuel Kant

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Immanuel Kant is a German philosopher of the 18th century, one of the most important representatives of the German Enlightenment, and a forerunner of the main elements of the idealist philosophy. He had established two great theories in contrast to each other: one concerning knowledge, and the other concerning morality. At the end of the Critique if Practical Reason, there is clearly a strong opposition to the conclusion of the Critique of Pure Reason. Kant’s attempt in the Critique of Judgment is just to correct these contradictions. With this work, Kant deals with themes, such as those of beauty and art, absent in the two previous critiques. However, he formulates decisive theses about the subject’s transcendental structure and the reconciling,…show more content…
Often, the artist does not even know what led him to create his work. He claims that in “beautiful art” there are no rules and imitators, or rather the rules are in the nature of the artist, unlike the “mechanical art” that produces a work after some teaching and learning. The genial artist is one who can represent, with his artwork, the model for others, or can create a school for original and spontaneous artists who would follow the example of the founder of the artistic movement, that is the exemplarity nature of genius. Then, the original art should always follow these unwritten rules, otherwise it would fall into extravagance. For this reason, Kant argues that genius is the successful synthesis of imagination and intellect, of spontaneity and unwritten rules, for which the artist enjoys an absolute creative freedom where the intellect is present but no longer as a rational constraint, as it happens in knowledge, but as the ability to realize a work according to the own natural aesthetics. Therefore, the artwork is both the synthesis of necessity and freedom. Since it is free and ingenious, the artwork is the artist’s inspiration. Indeed, the artist may deal with the strict rules of the natural world. Even if his inspiration is free and the material he uses is original, however, the artist may confront himself with the rigid mechanism of the rules of…show more content…
According to Kant, beauty is what pleases universally without concepts. It is the object of aesthetic pleasure, independent of any form of interest and free from any conceptual. Hence, beauty is subject to a pure aesthetic judgment. Human being finds beauty through the judgment of taste, it springs from the feeling of pleasure of the subject. In addition, it is uninterested due to the fact that the pleasure comes from the simple representation of the object. Pleasure is not about the object itself, but it concerns the representation developed from the subject. Moreover, beauty is created when there is a purpose of harmony, of proportion between the parts that makes up the beautiful thing. Therefore, beauty has an aim, in the sense that it has the purpose of activating the subject’s sense of harmony. According to Kant, the characteristics of beauty are the following: uninteresting pleasure, universality without concept and lawlessness without law. Kant means that one enjoys the beautiful thing without having to possess it, one sees the thing as if it was perfectly organized for a particular purpose. However, one enjoys beauty as if it embodies a rule perfectly, while, in fact, it is a rule in

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