The Crusades Were A Series Of Religious Wars Between The

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The Crusades were a series of religious wars between the Christians of present day Europe and the Seljuq Turks and Arabs, who were all Muslim. These wars began in the late eleventh century and continued until the end of the thirteenth century. Around the year 1095, the Byzantine Emperor, Alexios I Komnenos, asked the pope for aid against the Muslims, who had taken much of Asia Minor in their conquests for land. Urban II, who was the pope at the time, gave a very famous speech at the Council of Clermont in 1095 encouraging all Christians to go to the East and retake their Holy Land of Palestine from the Muslims. This gave birth to the First Crusade. We have no records of any documents or decrees from the council, but there are five versions…show more content…
In his speech, Urban II went into great detail about how violently and cruelly the Muslims were treating the Christians in that area. He obviously wanted the people to feel sympathetic and angry so that they would be compelled to fight. Robert the Monk’s version of the pope’s speech especially focused on his details of the brutal treatment of the Christians. He went on and on about how the Muslims cruelly tortured the Christians and completely destroyed the churches. He listed all the horrible acts that the Muslims did to the Christians, such as cutting out their intestines, burning them at the stake, flogging them, and raping the women. I found it surprising that he addressed such horrors in a place that was meant to be a holy environment. He went on to tell how they pierced the prisoners with arrows and “others they [compelled] to extend their necks and then, attacking them with naked swords, [attempted] to cut through the neck with a single blow.” Urban II obviously wanted the Muslims to seem extremely barbaric. He addressed these people being tortured as their own “blood brothers.” I am sure there was no lack of motivation after the pope’s explicit lecture on how the people’s fellow

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