The Cultural And Socio Economic Context

1457 WordsNov 27, 20156 Pages
Different cultural groups show distinctive rates and experiences of the disorder, reflecting their different cultural and socio-economic context. Gotlib & Hammen, (2002) propose a noticeable and explicit pattern that seems to continuously emerge is that depression appears to occur much more in western cultures (US, Canada, UK, Holland) than in Asian (Japan, Taiwan, China) cultures. Such differences in rates of depression have been attributed to a number of factors such as differences in the amount of humiliation attached to depression (Asian cultures stigmatizing symptoms of depression more than Western cultures) and to different levels of social support (with Asian cultures have a much more sense of collectivist community and social support from family and peers in contrast to individualistic western cultures). However these findings are also subject to scrutiny as with many cross-cultural research studies. Ethnocentrism is usually the criticism that emerges during these studies; for example, the issue of diagnosing/classifying one with depression may differ country to country. Behaviour deemed abnormal in one country may be deemed normal in another. In addition to this, language barriers are likely to intervene, and researchers are likely to misinterpret subjects they are studying if there is a culture clash. Such differences may therefore justify the variation in prevalence of depression as oppose to being a true reflection of cultural differences. Aside from
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