The Cultural Bias in Intelligence Tests

2939 WordsOct 18, 201212 Pages
IQ TEST RESEARCH A Research of the Reliability and Validity of the PSYGAT on Different Linguistic Backgrounds Abstract The issue of cultural bias in intelligence tests sparks debates every time the latter is created or administered, resulting to many researches into how the reliability and validity of an ability test may differ when assessed on groups from different cultural-linguistic backgrounds. The aim of this study is to test the reliability and validity of the PSYGAT Verbal IQ Test on university students from English-speaking backgrounds (ESB) and non-English speaking backgrounds (NESB) in relation to the Queendom Verbal IQ Test and Cultural Fair IQ Test. 445 third year psychology students aged 19 to 62 were involved in this…show more content…
Method Participants Participants of this study were 445 third year Psychology students; 354 females and 91 males, from Monash University Campuses in Australia, Malaysia, South Africa and the Singaporean off-campus, involving participants with a wide variety of cultural and linguistic backgrounds. Participants were aged 19 to 62 (M = 23.53, SD = 7.08), in which two participants failed to provide their age information. They were categorized as either from an English speaking background (ESB) or a non-English speaking background (NESB) based on the “first language” information they provided at the end of each tests (Queendom Verbal IQ and Cultural-Fair IQ Test, and PSYGAT). 319 participants were categorized to the ESB group and 126 participants to the NESB group. Materials Participants had to complete the Queendom Verbal IQ and Cultural-Fair IQ Tests, and the PSYGAT. All these three tests can be accessed through their Monash Blackboard site. The Queendom Verbal IQ Test comprised of 70 items which includes items on analogies, idioms and expressions, vocabulary and reading comprehensions, with the objective assessing verbal abilities. With a sample size of approximately 120,000 (M = 100, SD = 15), the reliability as internal consistency
Open Document