The Dalit Movement

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Dalit Movement In Modern India
All those people of distinct castes and sub-castes among the depressed classes who were traditionally subjected to invidious discriminations on grounds of untouchability, and categorized as the downtrodden, untouchables, depressed classes, exterior classes or Scheduled Castes were called Dalits.
Dalit movement can be defined as institutional or organizational efforts made by Dalit leaders for the liberation of the downtrodden masses. It is a movement of protest against untouchability, casteism and superstitions. It aims at uplifting Dalits to the level of non -Dalits.”
The Bhakti movement was a reformative Hindu religious movement of the medieval period and it promoted the belief that salvation can be attained by everyone. The movement is closely related to Islamic Sufism, which appeared around the same time.
Since Hindu society was caste ridden society
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It preceded the modern Dalit Movement by around 600 years.
Thus, the Bhakti movement served the Indian society in two ways—firstly, it tried to bridge the gulf between Hinduism and Islam, and secondly, it created a philosophical base for social equality and set in motion a new trend toward social and spiritual equality.
The Bhakti Movement in South India was spearheaded by the Alwars and Nayanars of the fifth century AD. Some of the Bhakti leaders like Kanaka Dasa and Purandara Dasa of Karnataka contributed to literature. “Sants” Chaitanya, Kabir, Tulsi Das, Vallabha, Meera Bai Tukaram, and others led the movement in the North. They taught that people could cast aside the rituals and caste considerations and express their overwhelming love for God. Even though an “untouchable”, Chokamela achieved sanctity and a place among the Bhakti pantheon of saints. Eknath, a Brahman, worked for equality among the true
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