The Dangers of Using Teratogens

1019 Words Jun 20th, 2018 5 Pages
Teratogens, are substances such as drugs, chemical compounds, pollutants, certain illnesses and emotional disorders, capable of interfering with the development of an embryo and fetus. The effects of teratogens vary depending on the type, for example Stress which is the brains response to stressors (certain life events), that one perceives as challenging or threatening.
During the Stress response, hormones such as cortisol are released and it is these hormones that can at the chronic level have toxic effects. When a pregnant women is experiencing very high levels of stress for a prolonged period of time, the enzymes produced by the placenta that normally break down cortisol, stopping it from passing to the unborn child, are unable to
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Pregnant women who enjoy gardening should take note that soil and dirt also pose a risk for infection and should use garden gloves, as well as wash their hand well after gardening (the same applies for sand). In regard to possible infection with the parasite via cat feces, a women who does have a cat, can take steps to protect her and her unborn baby. If possible it would be best to have someone else do the litter box cleaning, and this should be done daily, as the parasite is shed in the cat’s feces, but does not become infectious until 1 to 5 days after the cat has released, thus getting rid of all feces immediately is best. If you have no one to do this for you, then you can protect yourself by wearing disposable gloves, making sure to wash your hands after you’re done. If you don’t already own a cat do not get one while pregnant, and do not handle stray cats more specifically kittens.
Alcohol is another teratogen, with devastating effects on an unborn fetus. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy, is responsible for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). According to the American Pregnancy Association: FAS is, the leading known preventable cause of developmental and physical birth defects in the United States. The characteristics of FAS include but are not limited to, developmental delay, learning difficulties, behavioral problems organ dysfunction, and facial abnormalities. The issues associated with FAS get worse as the child
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