Essay about The Darkness of Irony in Flannery O'Connor's Short Stories

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The central theme of Flannery O’Connor’s three short stories is irony. Her stories are parables, that is, short stories with a lesson to be learned.
She was a writer who suffered from Lupus. Her father died of the same illness when she was thirteen. Her Catholic beliefs reflected in her work, as well as the implementation of violence and darkness ironically used in her short stories. The titles in the stories give the readers an idea that the stories are the opposite of what the titles really state. She uses metaphors and similes to describe the characters and the settings of the stories. Each story relates to the darkness of the characters: people with racial prejudice, ignorance, and evil. Each story ends in a tragedy. The use of irony
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The little boy’s mother attacks Julian’s mother, symbolizing the freedom that blacks now have attained. The religious symbolism in this story is present because in God’s eyes we are all the same, and Julian wants his mother to acknowledge it. Somehow, she fails to comprehend. The title itself is a metaphor. Just as bubbles bang into each other as they rise to the top in boiling water, the women in this story clash with each other as the black woman rises to the top of her social status and the white woman resists.
The second story, “Good Country People”, is a story of a thirty-two-year-old woman who has a wooden leg. Ironically, the author was thirty-two when she died. Another irony: the woman’s name is Joy. The wooden leg symbolizes not only a physical but emotional and religious impediment to Joy-Hulga, who loses her leg due to a childhood accident. She is a well-educated woman with a PhD in Philosophy; she is also an atheist. She uses philosophy to deny faith, but the irony in this story is she gives her wooden leg to a Bible salesman. This part of the story symbolizes that even those who do not profess to religious beliefs need to believe in something or someone. Joy-Hulga’s leg gives support to her body, and her soul gives meaning to her life. The use of simile is shown in the sentences, “But she was as sensitive about the artificial leg as a peacock about his tail. She took care of it as someone else would his soul.” (674). When she
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