The Dayton Accords Essay

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The death of the Marshal Josip Broz Tito in 1980, led to a major political transition of Yugoslavia. By taking the Presidency of Serbia in 1987, Milosevic began to pursue authority over Yugoslavian Federation, thus encouraging a different style of rule, the ultra-nationalistic tendency, and advocating for “incendiary Nationalism” towards other ethnic groups and nations of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Simon and Smale). The shift from the Tito’s social-communist ideology to the Serbian-centered nationalism of Milosevic created an unequal representation on the Federal level of the six constituent Socialist Republics and two Socialist Autonomous, thus, as a result of the rise of ethnic nationalism, the violation of human and minority…show more content…
With the political and military support of the Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, Radovan Karadzic fought against the Bosnians and Bosnian Croats for more than three years. While the EU diplomats had no interest in finding a political solution of that time, around two million people became homeless, hundreds of thousands people got killed, and the conflict kept expanding, thus, the term “ethnic cleansing” became part of our daily vocabulary (Cigar and Sims). Throughout months, ethnic groups gained territory by night, and lost it by day. But a final solution of the conflict wasn’t even predicted by any parts involved. By imposing economic sanctions, the international community and mainly the U.S. made sure to bring an end to this situation. The U.S. involvement, carried out by the U.S diplomat Richard Holbrooke, minimized Milosevic power and support, thus, a peaceful agreement made its sight at the end of the tunnel. On November 21, 1995 the Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, the Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and the Croatian President Franjo Tudjman reached an agreement in Dayton – The Dayton Accords – an agreement that would end the bloody war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Balkan Accord). But, although the agreement indeed ended the Bosnian War and unified a multiethnic state,
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