The De Goya Y Lucientes

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He is considered the most important artist in Spain during the late 18th and early 19th century and was one of the most prominent and successful painters in Europe. Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes was a romantic painter and printmaker whose style changed drastically throughout his life; he is considered the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. His style fits into the category of Romanticism, which is most apparent in his paintings of the Spanish Royal family after becoming First Painter to the King of Spain in 1786. Six years later, he suffered an awful illness which ultimately left him deaf and shaped his future work. After Napoleon Bonaparte rose to prominence during the French Revolution, Spain was invaded due to its political and strategic importance to the French. Goya was able to capture the horrors he saw in his anti-war works produced in paintings and with intaglio prints which he didn’t make public. The throne of Spain was taken by Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon 's brother, who was backed by a large French military force. After the political situation in Spain normalized and rule was returned to it’s rightful heir, Goya returned to painting commissioned portraits. With ailing health, he moved to a country home where he completed the haunting Black Paintings which were painted directly to his walls. Due to his health, he received permission from King Ferdinand IV for an indefinite leave of absence and relocates to Paris. He completes a small number of

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